Metacognition, or “thinking about one’s thinking,” is the ability to exert control over cognitive processes through self-reflection and self-correction. It is a higher-order executive function that involves filtering, monitoring, analyzing, planning, problem solving, and decision-making, and enables active control over the cognitive processes engaged in attention, adaptation, learning and memory. Activities such as planning how to approach a task, monitoring comprehension, and evaluating progress toward the completion of a task are examples of metacognition in action.
Development of effective metacognitive strategies is highly instrumental in academic, social, and life success. The Spire School uses metacognitive instructional techniques to enable students to be successful learners by helping to develop the capacities of self evaluation, self regulation, and goal setting. At Spire, we engage our students in an active learning process that assists them in their development and mastery of skills such as sustained attention, time management, task initiation, organization, study skills, emotional regulation, inferential judgments, and social interactions.